How to Keep Pests Out of Your Home


Keeping your home in good condition is tough work, and pests like insects and rodents can come in and undo all of it in an instant. The best way to remove the threat of pests is to stop them from coming into your home in the first place. By keeping your home clean and storing your food properly, you can deter insects and rodents to keep your home in tip top shape.

[Edit]Steps

[Edit]Cleaning Your Home

  1. Clean up right away after meals. The longer you leave food out on your table or countertops, the more likely it is that pests will come and find it. Try to clean up after yourself right away to take away the food source in your home.[1]
    • If you don’t have time to fully clean your dishes, you can give them a quick rinse to get rid of most of the food residue.
  2. Take out your trash whenever it gets full. You don’t have to take your trash out every day, but you should try to bring it out to your large garbage can whenever you notice that it’s full. Pests love trash, and they’ll be attracted to the smells inside of your garbage can.[2]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 2.jpg
    • Taking out your trash regularly also helps to keep your home odor-free.
    • Consider using a trash can with a lid to make it harder for pests to get inside.
  3. Rinse out your recyclables before recycling them. Jars, cans, and tubs often have food residue left in the bottom that pests can eat. Before you put your items in the recycling, give them a quick rinse to remove most of the food. Then, you can put them in your recycling can outside.[3]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 3.jpg
    • Rinsing your recyclables will also help eliminate odors.
  4. Wipe crumbs out of your cabinets and off countertops. As you clean your kitchen, use a damp rag to wipe crumbs off of any flat surfaces and into the garbage. Try to avoid swiping them into small crevices, like the gap between the stove and the wall.[4]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 4.jpg
    • Crumbs are easy pickings for pests, especially when they’re in hard to reach places.
    • Make sure you regularly inspect your cabinets for fallen crumbs.
    • If there are any food scraps in your drain, clean those out as well.
  5. Sweep up food debris that falls on the floor. It’s easy to wipe crumbs onto the floor and forget about them, but this can lead to more insects and rodents in your home. After you’re done cleaning your kitchen, grab a broom and a dustpan to quickly sweep up any leftover crumbs that might be on the floor. Then, empty the dustpan into the garbage.[5]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 5.jpg
    • Try to sweep your kitchen at least once a week.
  6. Clean out your pet food bowls once a day. Pet food is a great source of nutrition for insects and rodents, so they’ll often flock to it. Once your pet has eaten, try to make sure there aren’t any crumbs left in the bowl by rinsing it out with water.[6]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 6.jpg
    • Avoid using an automated feeder that has food in it constantly, as it can attract pests.
  7. Rake up yard debris around your home. Grass clippings, fallen leaves, and branches all make cozy homes for pests to nest in. Grab a rake and make a few piles, then put the debris into your yard debris container, if you have one. If you don’t, try to make piles of yard debris as far away from your home as you can.[7]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 7.jpg
    • If you use a lawn mower to trim your grass, consider using the bag attachment to easily collect grass clippings as you cut them.

[Edit]Storing Food Securely

  1. Put your food in cans, jars, or airtight containers. Bugs and rodents can easily chew through plastic and cardboard. If you’re storing food for more than a few days, try to put it in a metal can, a glass jar, or an airtight container with a lid to keep the pests out.[8]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 8.jpg
    • Try to purchase food items that are already in cans or jars to make this easier.
  2. Seal large bags of pet food in a garbage can with a lid. If you have a big container of cat or dog food, place it inside of a metal garbage can and put a lid on it. You can open it up each time you need to scoop out some food, but make sure you put the lid back on every time.[9]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 9.jpg
    • Pests love pet food, and they’ll flock to it if it’s left open.
  3. Keep perishable food in the fridge or freezer. It’s super hard for bugs and rodents to get into a refrigerator. Keep as much food as you can in your fridge or freezer for an easy way to seal it and deter pests. Storing your food in the fridge can also make it last longer, so it’s a win-win situation. [10]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 10.jpg
    • Items that could get soggy in the fridge, like crackers or cereal, can stay in your pantry or cabinets.

[Edit]Pest-Proofing Your Home

  1. Attach screens to your doors and windows. Measure the area of your doors and windows, then purchase some wire screens to pop into place. The screens will help deter insects so you can leave your doors and windows open for fresh air without worrying about bugs.[11]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 11.jpg
    • Some bugs, like fruit flies, are so small that they can fit through wire screens.
  2. Fill any cracks around your doors or windows with silicone caulk. Take a look at the areas around your windows and your doors. If you notice any gaps or you can see through to the outside, grab a bottle of silicone caulk and squeeze it into the open areas. Let the caulk dry for about 1 hour to fill in the gaps and stop insects from crawling in.[12]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 12.jpg
    • Sealing the gaps in your doors and windows will also make your home warmer in the winter and cooler in the summer.
  3. Repair any leaky faucets or pipes. If you notice your sink or pipes have a leak in them, contact a professional plumber right away. Leaky pipes and sinks are a great water source for pests, so they’ll gather around any water droplets they can find.[13]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 15.jpg
    • You can also cover your drains with a rubber drain cover when they’re not in use to deter pets from crawling up through the pipes.
  4. Clean out your gutters once a year. Grab a ladder and lean it against the side of your home. While wearing gloves, gently scoop out the leaf litter and debris in your gutters to keep them clean. Try to do this about once a year in the spring to remove all the clutter from winter.[14]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 14.jpg
    • Dirty gutters provide warm homes for rodents and insects, and they also disrupt the flow of water down to your drain pipe.
    • If you don’t feel confident standing on a ladder or cleaning your gutters, contact a professional to do it for you.
  5. Trim trees and bushes so they aren’t touching your home. If you have any large shrubs that touch the sides of your home, grab a pair of loppers or pruners and trim them until the branches no longer touch your siding. If there are any tree branches touching your home, talk to a professional about cutting them away from your home.[15]
    Keep Pests Out of Your Home Step 13.jpg
    • Trees and shrubs house a lot of pests, and they could be using your home as a second nesting or feeding area.

[Edit]Tips

  • Try to clean your kitchen after every meal to avoid attracting pests.

[Edit]Warnings

  • If your home becomes infested with pests, contact a professional pest control company.[16]
  • Avoid using bug bombs or foggers inside your home, as they can cause respiratory issues in humans.[17]

[Edit]References

  1. https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/pest/pest-bro-healthy-home.pdf
  2. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/publications/final_companion_piece.pdf
  3. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/publications/final_companion_piece.pdf
  4. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/publications/final_companion_piece.pdf
  5. https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/pest/pest-bro-healthy-home.pdf
  6. https://www.tempe.gov/home/showdocument?id=23125
  7. https://www.tempe.gov/home/showdocument?id=23125
  8. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/publications/final_companion_piece.pdf
  9. https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/pest/pest-bro-healthy-home.pdf
  10. https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/pest/pest-bro-healthy-home.pdf
  11. https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/pest/pest-bro-healthy-home.pdf
  12. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/publications/final_companion_piece.pdf
  13. https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/doh/downloads/pdf/pest/pest-bro-healthy-home.pdf
  14. https://www.tempe.gov/home/showdocument?id=23125
  15. https://www.tempe.gov/home/showdocument?id=23125
  16. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/publications/final_companion_piece.pdf
  17. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/lead/publications/final_companion_piece.pdf



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